Instruction for Authors

Abstract and Full Papers for International Seminar on Rural, Urban and Community Health (ISRUNCH)

The International Seminar on Rural, Urban and Community Health (ISRUNCH) accepts manuscript of abstracts and full papers of study results in all branches of rural health issue, urban health, community health, and topics related to the ISRUNCH’ theme “Innovative Health care to Improve Public Health in Rural and Urban Areas “. Each manuscript submitted to the ISRUNCH will be reviewed by the ISRUNCH Scientific Committee. The review criteria include format, language, content, and methodology. The ISRUNCH Scientific Committee decide if the manuscript meet the requirement for oral presentation, publication at international journals, or poster presentation. Conformity with the ISRUNCH instruction for the author requirement will increase the chance of acceptance for presentation at the ISRUNCH event. Abstract that passes the review of the ISRUNCH Scientific Committee will be given an opportunity to be presented at the oral presentation session of the ISRUNCH (see ISRUNCH oral presentation schedule).

Abstract that does not pass the criteria for oral presentation but meets the requirement for poster will be presented as poster presentation at the ISRUNCH (see ISRUNCH poster presentation schedule). Author whose abstract meets the requirement for oral presentation will be invited to submit the full paper of the study results to the ISRUNCH for subsequent publication at a peer-reviewed and indexed international journal (e.g. Scopus). The ISRUNCH Scientific Committee will guide the authors during the process of revising, re-writing and publishing the full papers at the international journals. Keep in mind that additional fee will apply for this activity. The cost of publication imposed by an international journal varies according to the intended journal. This fee is not included in the registration fee of the ISRUNCH participants. Please see IMPORTANT DATES for deadlines in the submission of the manuscript.


The manuscript of abstract and full paper must be written based of original study results. There is no tolerance for plagiarism. The manuscript must be produced from the author’s own studies, not the other authors’ studies. The manuscript submitted must have never been presented at another conference, not or  been previously published at a national or international journal. The author must provide important information below the title of the abstract as follows:

  1. Complete names of all authors (please note, only authors with significant contribution to the study can be included)
  2. Complete name of the principal author (principal investigator)
  3. Name and address of the working institution
  4. Active telephone number and email address of the principal author or the institution

Association with a sponsor or potential conflict of interest if any must be declared at the end of the full paper body text. All manuscripts must be written in Word document (.doc) format, Georgia font type, 12 font size, 1.5 space. Left, right, bottom, top margins of the page are 3 cm each. Non-English words should be written in italics. Name of  a person (e.g. Drummond M) or a place (e.g. Oxford, UK) need not be written in italics. In the manuscript  submitted, the figures and tables must be placed separately from the body text. But the author must indicate and write wherein the text the figure and table will be placed. The author must provide title of the figure at the bottom of the figure, and provide title of the table on its top row.


Participants of the ISRUNCH are encouraged to submit abstracts to be presented as oral presentation or poster presentation at the ISRUNCH.  An abstract is a short summary of a full paper that is written based on an original study’s results in the areas of any branch of rural health issue, urban healthissue, community health, and topic related to the Innovative Health Care. Indonesian participants are required to submit abstracts in Indonesian and English. International participants submit abstract in English. Word count of an abstract does not exceed 350 words, along with 5 keywords. The abstracts are structured as follows:

  1. Background
  2. Subjects and Methods
  3. Results
  4. Conclusion

A structured abstract is deemed important for it ensures that important information from the study results will not be missed by the author.

Background: It is comprised of 2-3 sentences that state the background rationale for conducting the study with its research question. The background ends with a sentence that states the aim of the study.

Subjects and Methods: This part comprises study design, study site, target population, sampling technique and size, dependent and independent variables of interest, method of measurement or instrument of variables, as well as method and model of data analysis.

Results: This part reports principal and important findings from data analysis. For a quantitative study, statement on findings of an association or effect of variables, or group difference, must be followed by the supporting relevant summary statistics that are written in bracket. These summary statistics include measure of association (effect) in point estimate, the interval estimate i.e. 95% Confidence Interval, and p value. The p value must be reported in three digit decimal, for example p=0.027. For example: a particular interpretation of an association (OR= 5.67; CI95% 4.44 to 9.23; p=0.027).

Conclusion: This part contains 1-2 sentences of conclusion. It may include policy implication of the findings, i.e. the consequence of the findings to the current policy. The author is not allowed to provide suggestion or recommendation that is beyond his/ her study (e.g. providing recommendation of an intervention based on a study by another researcher).

Full paper

A full paper is a complete report from an original study that is written succinctly so that it is suitable for publication in a scientific journal. Authors are encouraged to submit full papers of a study in all branches of rural health issue, urban health issue, community helath and related innovative health care. Word count must not exceed 4,500 words. Keep in mind, typically editors of an international journal prefer the briefer one if he/ she has to publish only one out of two full papers with similar quality. A maximum number of 8 tables and figures may accompany the text of the full paper. The ISRUNCH Scientific Committee accept full papers of analytic quantitative studies, either experimental or observational. If it is experimental, the use of Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) design will increase the chance of acceptance since it by design provides a more valid conclusion than quasi-experiment. In addition, the ISRUNCH accept full paper of a qualitative study that uses good qualitative methodology. Full papers must be written with structure as follows:

  1. Background
  2. Subjects and Methods
  3. Results
  4. Discussion

Background: This part must contain strong rationale the author uses to justify his/ her doing the current research. The author must formulate the research question and refer the  theories that are used to address the research question. This part ends with a statement of the study objective.

Subjects and Methods: This part comprises research methodology that the author employ in the study, including study design, target population, study site, source population (accessible population), sampling technique and sample size, dependent and independent variable under study, measurement methods, as well as model and method of data analysis.

Results: It essentially consists of two parts. Part one presents the characteristics of sample (study population), including variables under study. Description of the study population is important for it allows readers to apply properly the research findings on the association of variables (or effect of one variable on another) if there is shown to exist.

Part two presents the results of data analyses on the association of variables, the effect of one or more variables on another, as well as difference between or among groups. Results of data analyses must be accompanied by correct interpretation. This interpretation must be based on valid analysis. If it is an observational study, the interpretation that are used in the discussion section and conclusion should be based on multivariate (adjusted) analysis, instead of bivariate (crude) analyses.

If otherwise the author employs a randomized controlled trial (RCT), there is no need to use multivariate analysis. Typically a bivariate analysis is sufficient. This is because in an RCT, all of the potential confounding factors have been controlled for by random allocation procedure, by which each subject in the original sample the equal probability (i.e. equal chance) to  be assigned into one of the study groups. Thereby all the potential confounding factors will be distributed evenly among the study groups, implying that they will not adversely bias any comparison analysis of the study groups.

Discussion: This part contains a discussion that relates and compares the current study results with theory that is used by the author to address the research question, as well the results of previous relevant studies. It ends with a paragraph that states the limitations of the study, conclusion, and policy implication. Please note that the “conclusion” is not placed in a separate section, but is written as a paragraph at the end of discussion. The author may add some recommendation, but bear in mind it should be based on the finding of the author’s current study, not someone else study.

Citation The International Seminar on Rural, Urban and Community Health uses Harvard citation and reference rule, instead of Vancouver. Sources that can be used for citation and reference include original research articles as well as other scientific papers that have been published in a journal, presented in a scientific conference, or uploaded in the web. A limited number of books, thesis, and dissertation can also be used for citation and reference. Personal communication can not be used as a reference. Name of authors that is written as citation or reference is the last name. This rule applies to all author names from all over the world, including Indonesian author. For example, citation on a paper by Cecep Heriana in 2015 is (Heriana, 2015), not (Cecep, 2015) nor  (Cecep Heriana, 2015) following the phrase of paragraph cited.

Alternatively, the author may write as follows: According to Heriana (2015), ….or a study by Cecep (2015) found that, ….. If there are two co-authors cited, then both of their names must be cited. For example,  (Rohim and Hermansyah, 2016).

If citation involves more than two co-authors, then only the first author (principal investigator) is written. The remaining co-authors are represented as et al.  For example, (Bress et al., 2015).

If citation involves two or more groups of authors, then write these groups of authors separately by semi-colon. For example, (Rohim, 2015; Rohim and Hermansyah, 2015). If there are two citations of research articles or other scientific papers from the same author that are published within the same year, then add alphabet a and b after the year. For example, (Freeman, 2006a, 2006b)


The writing rule for reference follows the Harvard system. Write the last names of all co-authors, each last name is followed by initials of the first and middle names if any. These initials need not be separated by comma or period. If there are 7 authors or less, then all names of these authors must be written. But if there are more than 7 co-authors, then only the first 7 authors are written in the reference, and the remaining co-authors are presented by the word “et al.” After writing all co-author names,  write year of publication in bracket. Next write the title of the article in lowercase, except the initial of the first word is written in capital. Next write name of the journal; it may be written in complete name of the journal or its standard abbreviation. Next write the volume, number, and page numbers. Order this list of reference by alphabet., with A being the first, and Z the last. Author of an article does not necessarily a person. It can also an organization (e.g. WHO, CDC). Reference needs not be written in italics. This rule applies for journal name, book title, and the like.

For example:   Brown GC, Brown MM, Sharma S, Brown H, Smithen L, Leeser DB, Beauchamp G (2004). Value-based medicine and ophthalmology: an appraisal of cost-utility analyses. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc.; 102: 177–188.

Note the punctuations seen in the examples. If there are more than 7 co-authors, only the first 7 authors are written in the reference, while the remaining co-authors are represented by the word “et al”.

For example:   Argent A, Kissoon N, Devictor D, Madden M, Singhi S, et al. (2009). Response to: Twenty-three thousand unnecessary deaths every day: What are you doing about it? Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, 10 (5): 610-612

The rule for writing a book reference is as follows. After writing the author’s name and year of publication, write book tile in lowercase, except the initial of first word of the book title. Then write the city where the publisher is located, colon, and name of the publisher.

Finally, write the page(s) cited from that book. For example:   Fletcher RH, Fletcher SW (2005). Clinical epidemiology. The Essentials. 4th edition. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Reference from the website is allowed but no more than 10% of the total number of reference. Cite month and year of the article accessed from the web.

WHO (2009). Key strategies for promotion of breastfeeding:  Facts and figures. World Health Organization Western Pacific Region. resources…/ global+facts+ and+ figures.pdf – Accessed in January 2010.

Statistics reporting rule

It is imperative to follow the rule for reporting research statistics as follows. For a quantitative study, statement or interpretation on findings of an association or effect of variables, or group difference, must be supported by relevant summary statistics that are written in bracket behind the statement. These summary statistics include measure of association, the effect of one or more variables on another, or difference between or among groups. Use dot (period), instead of comma, to express decimal.

All research statistics, except p value, must be written two decimal behind the period dot. For example, mean blood pressure 125.70 mmHg., SD 40.55 mmHg. All test statistics must be written two decimals behind the period dot. For example, X2= 3.84, or t= 2.56, or F= 9.44. The p value must be written in 3 decimals behind the dot period. For example, p= 0.007, or p=0.020. If the p value is very small, for example 0.00003, then write it as p<0.001. The author is not allowed to write the p value as p<0.05 or p≥0.05.

The author is not allowed to report the results of statistical test as Ho accepted or Ho rejected. Instead, report statistical significance of an asssociation, effect, or group difference in terms of p-value. It now becomes an international standard to report an association, effect, or group difference, in terms of point as well as interval estimates.

Make sure that you report the  point estimate as well the interval estimates with 95% Confidence Interval (95%CI). The lower bound and upper bound should be separated by the word “to” instead of – (“dash”). For example: OR= 5.65; CI95% 3.27 to 7.05, instead of OR= 5.65; CI95% 3.27 – 7.05.