10 COUNTRIES WITH LOW IMMUNIZATION COVERAGE BASED ON WHO: A LITERATURE REVIEW
Keywords:Immunization, Vaccine Coverage, Socioeconomic
Background: WHO and UNICEF estimates that global immunization coverage has stopped 86% since 2010, less than the target of 90%. Nearly one in ten infants did not receive the vaccination in 2016. Among the 19.5 million children worldwide are not receiving 3 doses of DPT, during the first year of life, 11.8 million (61%) contained in 10 countries: Angola, Central African Republic, Chad, Equitorial Guinea, Guinea, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Syria and Ukraine. Subject and Methods: The aim of this study was to identify the factors that hinder the basic immunization coverage in 10 countries in the low immunization coverage The method used was a literature review, articles were collected using a search engine to perform the relevant publications in the period 2013-2018, by using a search engine such as EBSCO, ScienceDirect, and Proquest. Result: there are several factors inhibiting the conflict in 10 countries, the lack of parental education and low socioeconomic status, health information systems, people living in areas difficult to reach. Conclusion: The main factors are conflict in countries, low socioeconomic status, low level of knowledge about the importance of immunization.