ANALYSIS OF DOCTORS / DENTIST / SPECIALIST DISTRIBUTION AND THEIR EFFECT ON DISPARITY OF HEALTH SERVICES IN INDONESIA: LITERATURE REVIEW
Keywords:Equity, Distribution, Doctors, Regulation, Disparities, Health Services
Background : Health development is an effort to fulfill the people's right to access to health services. It is also an investment that supports the improvement of the quality of human resources and plays an important role in the economic development and poverty reduction. Indonesia still faces challenges related to the ease of the community in getting access to quality health services. Disparities in health services can caused by uneven distribution of health workers, especially doctors / dentists / specialists, so it is hard for people to get quality health services. Most doctors / dentists / specialists prefer to be placed in urban areas. There are so many doctors / dentists / specialist in Java Island meanwhile the remote regions of Indonesia, especially in eastern Indonesia, are lack of doctors / dentists / specialists. This study aims to collect and analyze articles relating to the distribution of doctors / dentists / specialist and their influence on the disparity of health services in Indonesia. Subject and Methods : This study using a review literature as a method. Articles are collected with search engines in the range of 2008-2018 based on keywords set through Google Scholar. In addition, a review of related data was also carried out. Results : The results obtained from the literature review and analysis of related data obtained uneven distribution of doctors / dentists / specialists. The lack of regulations governing the distribution of doctors is one of the causes of disparity in health services. Conclusion : The conclusion of this study is that the disparity in health services in Indonesia is influenced by the uneven distribution of doctors / dentists / specialists.