• Zakiyah Zakiyah University of Indonesia
  • Caroline Endah Wuryaningsih University of Indonesia
Keywords: Obesity, Female, Reproductive Health


Background: The incidence of obesity in women is higher than men. Besides being a risk factor for multiple metabolic disorders, obesity could effect female reproduction. We aimed to assess the effect of obesity on female reproductive health. Subjects and Methods: We conducted a systematic review on all types of study designs that have an effect obesity on female reproductive health during pregnancy or not in  pregnancy.  In  pregnant  women  measurements  of  obesity  with  MUAC  (Mid  Upper  Arm Circumference) and in non-pregnant women with BMI (body mass index). The location of the study involved  countries  in  the  highest  obesity  region  in  the  world;  America,  Europe,  and  Eastern Mediterranean. Result: We retrieved 737 citations from multiple database pubmed and Ebsco. Of 315 title and abstracts reviewed, 6 articles met inclusion criteria. In a total of 6 articles showed significant effect obesity on PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome), BC (breast cancer) postmenopausal, and non- HGSC (non-high grade serous ovarian cancers). Effect in mothers during pregnancy is increased high blood pressure, gestational diabetes melitus, preeclampsia, and risk for caesarean deliveries. Conclusion: We found the impact of obesity on women during pregnancy and not pregnancy. There is need for education campaigns publicizing obesity as an important risk factor for female reproductive health and encouraging females to physical activity, consumption of balanced nutrition and pursue healthy lifestyle.