PATIENT SAFETY IN MENTAL HOSPITAL: A SYSTEMATIC MAPPING STUDY
Keywords:Patient Safety, Incident, Psychiatry, Mental Hospital, Mental Facility
Bacground: Patient safety has become a global issue. Research and reports in major countries indicated incidents of patient safety often occurred in mental health services. This study was attempted to review patient safety incident in mental health service facilities and the factors that influence them. Subjects and Methods: This study was conducted with systematic mapping studies related to patient safety implementation in a mental facility. There were 40 research articles were evaluated from various online sources that related to ProQuest, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar. It was conducted by entering keywords appropriate to the topic. The obtained results were analyzed and discussed to produce conclusions. Discussion: Several patient safety incidents in mental health service, those were violence and aggression, patient victimization, self-harm, suicide, and unexpected death, seclusion and restraint, slipping, tripping, falling and other patient accidents, abscondment, and adverse medication and diagnostic events. There were several factors those contribute to the incidence of safety in mental health services, namely patient factors, provider factors, organizational factors, and the physical environment. Conclusion: Patient safety in mental health service is unique compared to physical health services that also require more specialized treatment. Providers and mental health service organizations must make efforts to develop supporting factors for patient safety.